Posters at AACR Annual Meeting

Validation of a MEK/MET-specific NGS panel for early phase trial interrogation‘ and ‘Upregulation of the MET transcript is consistently associated with invasion and tumor budding in colorectal cancer‘ were presented at the AACR Annual Meeting on 18 Apr 2016 in New Orleans. Mariangela Russo from UNITO also presented related work (Abstract 878).


Validation of a MEK/MET-specific NGS panel for early phase trial interrogation

Introduction – MErCuRIC is a Phase Ib/II clinical trial study using a combined MEK1/2 – cMET inhibition in RAS MT and RAS WT (with aberrant c[[unable to display character: ‐]]MET) colorectal cancer patients. As part of the discovery efforts on the cases enrolled in Phase I, we aimed to analyze the mutation status of 10 genes that could potentially be associated to the doublet MEK/MET inhibition. This study compared the MEK/MET-specific panel with the Ion Torrent 50 gene panel, aiming to compare: long-established, commercially available panels against this newly developed panel; the Ion Torrent PGM2 platform against Illumina MiSeq v.3 600 bp chemistry; hot-spot-based against full exomes-designed; and to compare the use of different bioinformatics reporter systems. The overlapping genes between the panels were: EGFR (n=3); BRAF (n=4); KRAS (n=8); NRAS (n=1); MET (n=8); PIK3CA (n=6); and ERBB2 (n=5).

Summary of Method – NGS Design – The Multiplicom – MErCuRIC specific MASTR assay includes PTEN, MAP2K1 (MEK), EGFR, KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, ERBB2, MET and PIK3R1, involving 257 amplicons in 4 plexes covering all coding exons of the 10 genes. Of the 257, 21 are control amplicons to allow for gene deletions/amplifications. The average length of the amplicons is 198 bp ranging from 124 bp to 255 bp.
Validation – From a pool of 120 routine tumour samples characterised with a 50 gene mutation panel (Ion Torrent PGM2) and confirmed by Sanger sequencing and/or COBAS (Roche) QPCR, 24 FFPE cases were selected representing colorectal cancer and 4 other solid tumour types; all included a variety of DNA quality, and DNA concentration was standardized prior to library preparation. Pre-analytical handling was in accordance with established protocols in a laboratory, clinically-accredited in the UK for tissue-based, anatomical pathology testing.

Results – The evaluation of this MEK/MET-specific panel (Illumina MiSeq platform) resulted in 100% coverage of all targets, a higher than 97% on target reads and higher than 99% of all amplicons within 20% of mean coverage. The design minimized the areas of low coverage. A small part of exon 9 of ERBB2 was covered suboptimally: the low covered region is 30 bp in size located at the 5’ end of exon 9. It is unlikely that this low coverage led to false negative results since no mutations are reported in the COSMIC database for this DNA fragment. The results were concordant in relation to mutations involved in the genes stated above. Importantly, the percentages of allele frequency between both methods were similar, with variations ranging from 0.2% to 11.5% with an average variation of 5.2%. Insertion/deletion (Indel) detection however, required alternative bioinformatics pathways.

Conclusion – After combining well-established quality metrics to cover pre-analytical aspects with suitable technologies such as the MiSeq platform (Illumina) and appropriate bioinformatics, we recognize that this MEK/MET-specific NGS panel is fit for purpose.


Upregulation of the MET transcript is consistently associated with invasion and tumor budding in colorectal cancer

Background – The c-MET proto-oncogene is frequently overexpressed (50-60%), amplified (1-3%), and mutated (1-3%) in colorectal cancer (CRC). Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-dependent and independent activation of c-MET has been associated with increased survival and resistance to targeted therapies. This study aimed to investigate the role of the HGF/c-MET axis in regulating migration/invasion in CRC, using pre-clinical models and clinical samples.

Methods – In order to model CRC tumour cell invasion, we have generated invasive CRC subpopulations using Boyden Invasion chambers. To model the CRC microenvironment, we have used a range of co-culture techniques with CRC cells and colon fibroblasts. Migration/invasion was determined using xCELLigence System (Roche). c-MET expression in parental and invasive cell lines was measured using Western blotting and qRT-PCR. c-MET expression in CRC FFPE tissues was measured using IHC and RNAScope®.

Results – We identified marked upregulated expression of c-MET at both the protein and transcript levels in our invasive CRC cell line models. Importantly, both parental and invasive subpopulations were found to be inherently dependent on c-MET for migration, as RNAi against c-MET abrogated migration/invasion in both parental and invasive models. We also demonstrated that stimulation of CRC cells with rh-HGF resulted in increased CRC cell migration/invasion. In addition, co-culture of CRC cells with colonic myofibroblasts, resulted in marked increases in migratory and invasive capacity, and this was dependent on HGF/c-MET signaling. Interestingly, stimulation with myofibroblast conditioned medium or HGF promotes rapid degradation of c-MET at the protein level, followed by recycling, while METtranscript remains unaltered, illustrating a dynamic expression of c-MET protein in response to activation. We further showed that MET is transcriptionally upregulated in tumour budding foci at the invasive front of a cohort of stage III CRC tumors. Intriguingly, c-MET protein levels do not correlate with the transcript, most likely due to a similar protein degradation process observed in our aforementioned in vitro models.

Conclusions – We show for the first time a key role for transcriptional upregulation of MET as a molecular driver of tumour invasion, both in vitro and in stage III CRC tumours.

Colorectal Cancer Information Day in Paris

MErCuRIC partner hospital Hôpital Georges-Pompidou is hosting a Colorectal Cancer Information Day, open to the public on Tuesday 09 March.

The event will include a simulation on the Da Vinci surgical robot and a Giant Colon to see what your own gut looks like!

Registration is required at 01 56 09 39 82 or

Blue March poster



EUPATI Toolbox Launched

EUPATI (European Patients‘ Academy on Therapeutic Innovation) launched the EUPATI Toolbox today. Funded by the Innovative Medicines Initiative, EUPATI provides scientifically reliable, objective, comprehensive information to patients on medicines research and development. The Toolbox covers the A to Z of how medicines are developed. Check it out here!

EUPATI Toolbox

MErCuRIC Year 2 Meeting

MErCuRIC partners attended a successful meeting in Dublin, Ireland on 15 Jan 2016. Progress made by the consortium in year 2 was discussed and work for year 3 was planned. Our first Phase I study is drawing to a close and plans for the next Phase I work are well underway. We have also advanced the translational technologies that we’ll use to analyze clinical samples in the coming years of the project.

MErCuRIC Plenary 15.01.16 Dublin Airport

MErCuRIC features in ECMC Annual Report

MErCuRIC has been featured as a case study in the 2014- 2015 Annual Report of the Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (ECMC) Network in the UK.

ECMC 2015

New Patient Area on Project Website

We’ve just launched a new patient area on the project website – have a look!

MErCuRIC Patient Area


New Related Publications Area

We’ve created a new area on the project website for publications from our partners that are relevant to MErCuRIC – check it out!

Rel Pubs

EUPATI Newsletter for Oct 2015

EUPATI, the European Patients’ Academy on Therapeutic Innovation has published their Oct 2015 newsletter – learn more about the experience of students who have just completed the first Patient Xpert Training Course and why regulatory agencies think patient education and engagement are important.

EUPATI Oct 2015

Interview with Prof. Bardelli about Liquid Biopsies

In an IFOM interview, MErCuRIC researcher Prof. Alberto Bardelli of the Universita Degli Studi di Torino talks about why he studies colorectal cancer.

He describes personalised medicine, targeted therapies and resistance to therapy, as well as monitoring therapy in real time with blood-based assays called liquid biopsies.

You can watch the interview here.

Screen Shot 2015-10-09 at 14.04.26



Learn more about personalized medicine from CARPEM

Educational videos from Cancer Research for Personalized Medicine (CARPEM) are now available online in French (English subtitles). Pr. Julien Taieb, gastrointestinal oncologist at the Georges Pompidou European Hospital (APHP), describes how advances in personalized medicine modify its practices in the treatment of digestive cancers.

CARPEM video